Three Common Causes of Achilles Tendon Issues


Since the Achilles tendon, the largest tendon in the body plays such a vital role in walking, running, and jumping an Achilles tendon injury can sideline even the most active individuals. Below, Syracuse Podiatry explores three prevalent causes of Achilles tendon issues and provides insights on how to address them.

Overuse and Repetitive Stress:

  1. Activities that involve frequent and intense use of the calf muscles, such as running, jumping, and sudden changes in direction, can place excessive strain on the Achilles tendon.
  2. Overtraining, inadequate rest periods, and improper footwear can further exacerbate the risk of overuse injuries.

Incorporate proper training techniques and recovery strategies into your exercise routine. Gradually increase the intensity and duration of physical activity, allowing time for rest and recovery.

Poor Biomechanics and Foot Structure:

  1. Biomechanical factors and foot structure abnormalities can also contribute to Achilles tendon issues.
  2. Flat feet or high arches can alter the alignment and function of the lower limbs, placing increased stress on the Achilles tendon.
  3. Tight calf muscles, weak ankle stabilizers, and muscle imbalances in the lower extremities can further increase the risk of injury.

Custom orthotic inserts can help support the arches and promote proper foot alignment, reducing strain on the Achilles tendon. Physical therapy can address muscle imbalances and flexibility issues through targeted exercises and manual techniques.

Sudden Increases in Intensity or Volume:

  1. Rapidly ramping up training intensity, distance, or frequency without proper progression and conditioning can lead to tissue overload and injury.
  2. This is often seen in individuals who return to sports or exercise after a period of inactivity or those who engage in excessive training without adequate recovery.

Start with low-impact activities and gradually increase the intensity, duration, and frequency of workouts over time. Allow adequate time for rest and recovery between training sessions, listening to your body and adjusting your routine as needed.

By understanding and addressing the factors above, you can protect your Achilles tendon and enjoy an active, pain-free lifestyle. If you’re experiencing Achilles tendon issues or have concerns about your foot health, look no further than the experts at Syracuse Podiatry! Contact us today so Dr. Ryan L. D’Amico, Dr. Donal M. Erickson, Dr. Keith Sherman, and Dr. Nicholas Cronin can help your feet feel their best.

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