A foot cramp is caused by the contraction of muscles causing pain and locking of the muscle. The deleterious effects can range from minor to extremely debilitating. Oftentimes a foot cramp can be counteracted by pulling hard on the big toe to help release the contraction of the muscle.
Some of the many possible causes of foot cramps include the following:
- Dehydration—Drinking enough healthy fluids throughout the day is essential for the proper functioning of muscles. Adults should consume eight glasses of water daily. When exercising and working hard you should consume more.
- Improper warm up—Your muscles can become stiff during periods of inactivity, so it’s always best to slowly stretch your body, feet and toes with proper warm up exercises before embarking on stressful physical activities. When starting a new exercise program take it slowly since your body isn’t used to the stress. Proper warm up not only helps avoid cramps but also helps to prevent tendon and ligament strains.
- Not getting proper nutrients in your diet—Your muscles require the proper balance of sodium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium for proper functioning. If you are not getting enough of these essential nutrients in your diet you can take supplements.
- Wearing shoes that fit poorly— To help avoid foot cramps and other foot and ankle problems make sure your shoes fit properly. Have a computerized gait analysis done by your foot doctor to determine your foot type and get properly fitted with the right shoes and orthotic inserts.
Although foot cramps are usually not serious, if you are experiencing foot cramping that won’t go away, we highly recommend that you consult our board certified podiatrists. Call Syracuse Podiatry located in East Syracuse, New York. Dr. Ryan L. D’Amico, Dr. Kathleen Pyatak-Hugar, and Dr. Donal M. Erickson and their staff will help you diagnose and treat your foot or ankle condition. Call 315-446-3668 or make an appointment online today.