A bunion is a toe deformity characterized by the enlargement of the joint of the big toe that causes a bulging bony bump to protrude on the side. The big toe pushes with considerable force into the other toes and can cause them to over and underlap. The big toe will become more stiff and painful as the condition worsens and painful corns often develop on the toes.
Some of the symptoms and other foot problems that are associated with bunions include the following:
- A bulging bump, redness and swelling at the big toe joint
- Corns and calluses can develop on and near the bunion
- People who have bunions frequently develop a hammertoe or two
- Ingrown toenails are more likely to occur when you have a bunion
Treatment for bunions before they are fully developed includes the following:
- Bunion braces can be worn during sleep to pull the toe into a straighter position
- Felt pads can be used to minimize rubbing
- Properly fitted footwear with a wide toe box will also help prevent friction
- Avoid wearing high-heeled shoes which can cause many toe problems
- Physical therapy exercises to increase strength and flexibility of the toes
Conservative measures can be effective in the earlier stages of bunion development, but if the bunion is severely bent, a surgical procedure will be required to minimize or remove the bump and straighten out the big toe.
Bunions will worsen if left untreated. To avoid future complications, make an appointment to see your foot specialist for the proper evaluation and treatment. Call Syracuse Podiatry located in East Syracuse, New York. Dr. Ryan L. D’Amico, Dr. Kathleen Pyatak-Hugar and their staff. They will help you diagnose and treat your foot or ankle condition. Call 315-446-3668 or make an appointment online today.