If you are an avid hiker, walker, dancer, athlete, or are on your feet all day long, you have likely had an encounter with sesamoiditis. This is a rather common foot condition that causes pain and inflammation of the sesamoid bones in the foot. These bones are located just under the big toe joint and are about the size of a pea. Their entire purpose is to prevent the tendon and the joint in that area from getting too close to each other while proper mobility occurs. The sesamoid bones, unlike other bones, is actually embedded in the tendon. It helps the tendon of the foot keep control and allows for the toes to flex. They are very important tiny bones that can cause a lot of pain and suffering over time.
Although some people, typically who are older and suffer from osteoporosis and arthritis, cannot prevent sesamoiditis as easily, there are ways to curb it and prevent it from appearing.
1. Wear proper fitting shoes
The best and most efficient way to prevent sesamoiditis is to wear a proper fitting shoe at all times. Sneakers are a great option for those who are in need of proper fitting footwear. They help prevent shock, have cushion, stability, and support, and allow the foot to have enough room so that all the bones, tendons, and muscles align properly. Sneakers do not last forever though. You should buy new sneakers every 6 months in order to keep up with the proper fit. Avoid shoes such as high heels as they are linked to the cause of sesamoiditis. Any shoe that lifts the back of the foot higher than the forefoot and adds more pressure to the forefoot is not the right shoe to wear when trying to prevent sesamoiditis.
2. Get orthotics
Orthotics can be sold over the counter or you can get them custom made for your foot from your podiatrist. These orthotics can help add stability, support and cushion to the foot which will help the pain and inflammation in the sesamoid bones and surrounding tissues. An orthotic insole can be extremely beneficial because of the way that it can correct your gait, align your bones, joints, and tendons, and add cushion to the affected area.
3.Control your pronation.
One of the most common reasons athletes such as runners get this condition is due to over pronation. Pronation is when the foot naturally rolls inward while running. If there is excessive rolling, there is more pressure and stress applied to the feet. This buildup of pressure and stress causes more problems and pain. Be sure to get proper fitting shoes to help prevent this problem.
Does your big toe ache when you walk? Do you wear proper fitting shoes but still think you might have sesamoiditis? Dr. Ryan L. D’Amico of Syracuse Podiatry, located in Fayetteville, New York, can help you get your feet back into proper shape. Call 315-446-3668 or make an appointment online today.